Common Skin Rashes Of Childhood

The sensitive skin of the baby manifests itself in a number of skin related conditions. While some of them heal on their own, a wide variety of them need over the counter treatments/ medical intervention.

Young babies and toddlers are still adjusting to the varying aspects of their environments and harsh climatic conditions. This brings to the fore some commonly found skin rashes. Let’s examine them.

Chafing Dermatitis

This is one of the most commonly occurring skin rashes in young children. Since toddlers and babies haven’t completely gotten rid of their puppy fat, a lot many skin rashes are found beneath the folds of their skin. Constant rubbing and friction against clothing can also exacerbate this skin condition. This particular skin rash comes and goes and generally does not cause much discomfort to the child.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

This is commonly found in the scalp region of babies and takes the form of harsh yellow scales and cradle cap. The superficial layer of the scalp starts to come off in the form of flakes. It tends to peter off after the child completes his first birthday.

Atopic Dermatitis

This is a kind of skin eczema commonly found in young babies. A red and itchy rash develops all over the body. It may get infected and form pustules. This eczema is not superficial and responds only to topical ointments specifically targeted at treating the eczema.

Candidal Dermatitis

This rash is a bright, inflamed, red rash that becomes progressively tender to the touch. It starts in the folds of the child’s skin and then spreads to the other parts of the body like the thighs and the abdomen. Candida Albicans is a commonly occurring yeast infection that is responsible for thrush in babies. Simple nappy rashes, if left untreated can become full blown yeast infections. This rash can also occur if the baby shows a strong reaction to medication especially antibiotics.

Impetigo

This is caused by a bacteria called as Staphyloccocci and can occur in two different ways. The blisters are large, bulbous that burst and leave a brown crust. Then there are those which form a thick yellow crust surrounded by redness. It generally occurs in the thigh, buttocks and surrounding regions.

Tidemark Dermatitis

This is a commonly occurring diaper rash. The skin reddens and becomes painful because of the edge of the diaper that frequently rubs against the skin and causes irritation.

Perianal Dermatitis

This skin rash is characterized by acute redness found in the anal area of the child. This is because of the alkaline texture of the stools that tends to irritate the anal opening. This is more prominent in babies who start bottle feeding or move onto semi solids.

Intertrigo

As the name suggests, this rash is found in between the skin folds of the thighs and the armpits where there is constant contact between skin on skin. The redness is less harsh and less irritating than other rashes. It may also get precipitated due to poor hygiene or frequent perspiration. The rash disappears with proper hygiene, air circulation and medicated topical creams that give relief.